Document Records was a record label established 1986 by Johnny Parth, former owner of Roots Records, in Austria as part of a scheme to make previously unreleased blues and gospel records from before the 1942–44 musicians' strike available on a number of European labels. In 1990, Parth felt obliged to switch production from LP to CD. With this change, he consolidated the catalogue into complete reissues in chronological order, increasingly on the Document label as other label names were dropped. The new policy was to reissue as many as possible of the recordings listed in Blues and Gospel Records: 1890–1943. The scope was expanded to include Bluegrass, Spirituals, Jazz, and other rural American genres (collectively known as "roots" music), generally made between 1900 and 1945. Since 2000 it has been owned by Gary and Gillian Atkinson and is based in Newton Stewart, Scotland.
Document has, among other things, the exclusive rights to a great deal of unreleased music and other audio media produced by Edison Records between 1914 and 1929.